ACHSHAPH


ACHSHAPH
ACHSHAPH (Akhshaf; Heb. אַכְשָׁף), ancient Canaanite town, usually mentioned together with Acre in Egyptian documents from the Middle and New Kingdoms (cf. the Execration Texts of early 18th century B.C.E.), the list of cities conquered by Thutmosis III (c. 1469 B.C.E.), the El-Amarna letters (14th century B.C.E.), and the Papyrus Anastasi (13th century B.C.E.). It was in the territory allotted to Asher in the period of the Israelite conquest (Josh. 19:25). The king of Achshaph is listed among the 31 kings who fought Joshua (ibid. 12:20); he participated in the battle at the Waters of Merom (ibid. 11:1). The various sources indicate a location in the southern part of the Plain of Acre, perhaps one of the more prominent of its many ancient tells: Tell Kisan 6 mi. (10 km.) S.E. of Acre, or Khirbet al-Harbaj, E. of Haifa near Kefar Ḥasidim. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Maisler (Mazar), in: BJPES, 6 (1939), 151–7; Alt, in: PJB, 20 (1924), 26; 24 (1928), 60; J. Garstang, Joshua, Judges (1931), 98–99, 354; Albright, in: BASOR, 61 (1936), 24; 81 (1941), 19; 83 (1941), 33; em, S.V.; Press, Ereẓ, 1 (1946), 19. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Achshaph — fascination , a royal city of the Canaanites, in the north of Canaan (Josh. 11:1; 12:20; 19:25). It was in the eastern boundary of the tribe of Asher, and is identified with the modern ruined village of Kesaf or Yasif, N.E. of Acco.1350 BC Akšapa …   Wikipedia

  • Achshaph —    Fascination, a royal city of the Canaanites, in the north of Palestine (Josh. 11:1; 12:20; 19:25). It was in the eastern boundary of the tribe of Asher, and is identified with the modern ruined village of Kesaf or Yasif, N.E. of Accho …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • Endaruta — was the ruler of Achshaph ( Akšapa of the letters), in the 1350 1335 BC Amarna letters correspondence. Endaruta was the author of EA 223, (EA for el Amarna ), of the letters. He is only referenced in two other letters EA 366 and 367, but EA 367,… …   Wikipedia

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  • Joshua 11 — 1 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard those things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph, 2 And to the kings that were on the north of the mountains, and of the plains… …   The King James version of the Bible

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